To what extent were the blitzkrieg

Conclusion The discussion shows that Blitzkrieg is not the simple tactic that many historians make it out to be. The government did not build them for large populations before the war because of cost, time to build and fears that their safety would cause occupants to refuse to leave to return to work or that anti-war sentiment would develop in large congregations of civilians.

Where the ability for rapid movement across "tank country" was not possible, armoured penetrations often were avoided or resulted in failure. The following day the Allies made repeated attempts to destroy the German pontoon bridges, but German fighter aircraft, ground fire and Luftwaffe flak batteries with the panzer forces destroyed 56 percent of the attacking Allied aircraft while the bridges remained intact.

Becoming a prisoner of either side provided little hope of survival. The Allied armies in Belgium wheeled back to the line of the Scheldt.

Despite the attacks, defeat in Norway and Franceand the threat of invasion, overall morale remained high; a Gallup poll found only 3 per cent of Britons expected to lose the war in Mayanother found an 88 per cent approval rating for Churchill in July, and a third found 89 percent support for his leadership in October.

Committees of veteran staff officers were formed within the Truppenamt to evaluate 57 issues of the war. Heavy siege artillery instead of tanks was used by Army Group C due to the mission of only maintaining its positions and not advancing into France.

These problems received major attention in the following years and had been improved by the time German panzer divisions were rolling towards Poland and France under combat conditions.

The deepened Roman formation attacked the centre of the Carthaginian formation in the hope of a breakthrough. Every unit in the army, from the company to the supreme command, decided on a Schwerpunkt through schwerpunktbildung, as did the support services, which meant that commanders always knew what was most important and why.

In his book, Panzer Leaderhe wrote: None of these forms is sufficient to describe the universal importance of the term and the concept of Schwerpunktprinzip. The evacuation could not have been achieved but for the air cover provided by fighter aircraft from the English coast, the indomitable efforts of the seacraft, and the good discipline of the troops.

Blitzkrieg, according to many historians, was used to devastating effect in Poland inin France and the Low Countries in and in the Soviet Union in ; it harnessed the firepower and mobility of the German panzer divisions through aggressive leadership at both the strategic and tactical level.

He did not go into detail about tactics or suggest that the German armed forces had evolved a radically new operational method. The Czechoslovakian built Pz. This is especially true if the attacking formation lacks the reserve to keep funnelling forces into the spearhead, or lacks the mobility to provide infantry, artillery and supplies into the attack.

Dive bombers were extensively used to provide support to the armour once they outran their artillery. German ground and air forces, and were only incidental by-products of the traditional maneuvers of rapid encirclement and of the supporting activities of the flying artillery of the Luftwaffe, both of which had as their purpose the physical destruction of the enemy troops.

Fighter-bomber attacks on German formations made movement during daylight almost impossible. But they were wrong.

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The use of tanks to breach the enemy line. It destroyed the Schlieffen Plan and the hope for a quick and decisive victory over France which was needed so badly in order to avoid a two front war. During the Battle of France inthe 4th Armoured Division Major-General Charles de Gaulle and elements of the 1st Army Tank Brigade British Expeditionary Force made probing attacks on the German flank, pushing into the rear of the advancing armoured columns at times.

They would support the focal point of attack from the air. He further cancelled the planned transfer of two corps from the Franco-German border to reinforce the right wing as it advanced.

This was done because the French expected the German offensive in the Liege area and were ready to rush the bulk of their first class Infantry and mechanized divisions, as well as the British Expeditionary Force, into the Liege area, similarly to World War I.

Many of these NCOs would become the future officers of the Wehrmacht. The commander only specified to his subordinates what to do but not how to do it. While Allied Air Forces were tied to the support of the Army, the Luftwaffe deployed its resources in a more general, operational way.

Willmott had noted that deep battle contained two important differences: Hitler had hoped to make Germany independent in materials that the nation could produce which would enable Germany to conserve foreign currency reserves for the purchase of food and raw materials that the Germans could not produce domestically.

Even as late as July 1,there were of those Pz. Germany had to annihilate one opponent speedily so that it could then throw its weight completely against the other.

In a secret protocol of this pact, the Germans and the Soviets agreed that Poland should be divided between them, with the western third of the country going to Germany and the eastern two-thirds being taken over by the U.

From a similar fear, Frederick the Great was able to escape disaster at the hands of the Russians in the Seven Years War because the memory of an annihilating defeat he inflicted on them earlier in the war made them hesitant to press their advantage over him.

Against this on 6 June the Luftwaffe flew some sorties. Units pouring through the hole were to drive upon set objectives behind the enemy front line.


While the words "went to war" are technically correct, they are also a little misleading. More dangerous still was the backdoor approach of Guderian, whose armoured forces were sweeping north past Boulogne and Calais.

Ina committee of psychiatrists predicted there would be three times as many mental as physical casualties from aerial bombing, implying three to four million psychiatric patients.

The Wehrmacht strategy was more in line with Vernichtungsgedanken a focus on envelopment to create pockets in broad-front annihilation.

Blitzkrieg is the common way of referring to German offensive tactics that were used in WW2 – the literal translation being ‘lightning war’. Although this term is common and very well known, it was not used by the Germans themselves.

It is thought that the 'Baedeker' raids were a reprisal for the Royal Air Force's bombing of Lübeck and other historic towns in Germany. This photograph shows the extent of damage to Lübeck after the Royal Air Force (RAF) raid on March This image shows the devastated western part of the Altstadt from the gutted cathedral (top left) to.

The Roots of Blitzkrieg: Hans von Seeckt and German Military Reform [James S. Corum] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Following Germany's defeat in World War I, the Germans signed the Versailles Treaty, superficially agreeing to limit their war powers. The Allies envisioned the future German army as a lightly armed. Blitzkrieg (German, "lightning war" listen (help · info)) is a method of warfare whereby an attacking force, spearheaded by a dense concentration of armoured and motorised or mechanised infantry formations with close air support, breaks through the opponent's line of defence by short, fast, powerful attacks and then dislocates the defenders, using speed and surprise to encircle them with the help of air superiority.

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RQ: To what extent were the Blitzkrieg tactics the main reason for the German victory over Poland during World War 2? Section A Plan of Investigation RQ: To what extent were the Blitzkrieg tactics the main reason for the German victory over Poland during World War 2.

Watch video · A German term for “lightning war,” blitzkrieg is a military tactic designed to create disorganization among enemy forces through the use of mobile forces and locally concentrated firepower.

To what extent were the blitzkrieg
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Blitzkrieg - Wikipedia